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Major Functions of hypothalamic nuclei

1. Medial preoptic nucleus major function
Satiety center (anorexogenic center); aggressive behavior, Hunger and thirst (orexogenic center), Bladder contraction; decreased heart rate %26 bp; erection; GnRH, Release of Oxy (uterine contract. %26 milk eject.); ADH, CRH, TRH
2. web 2.0 Lateral hypothalamic nucleus major function
Limbic mechanisms involved in memory, GI motility, Hunger and thirst (orexogenic center), Temperature regulation (heat conservation); arousal
3. Supraoptic nucleus major function
Fear and escape behavior; release GHIH (somatostatin), Reproductive functions; release of GnRH, GHRH, DA, Hunger and thirst (orexogenic center), Release of ADH (water balance)
4. Anterior hypothalamic nucleus major function
Temperature regulation (heat dissipation), Temperature regulation (heat conservation); arousal, Satiety center (Anorexogenic center); aggressive behavior, Erection?
5. Paraventricular nucleus major function
Biological clock; entrainment of biological rhythms, Hunger and thirst (orexogenic center), Release of Oxy (uterine contr. %26 milk ejection); ADH, CRH, TRH, Fear and escape behavior; release of GHIH (somatostatin)
6. Suprachiasmatic nucleus major function
Temperature regulation (heat conservation); arousal, GI motility, Limbic mechanisms involved in memory, Biological clock; entrainment of biological rhythms
7. Dorsal medial nucleus major function
GI motility, Fear and escape behavior; release of GHIH (somatostatin), Satiety center (anorexogenic center); aggressive behavior, Hunger and thirst (orexogenic center)
8. Ventral medial nucleus major function
Bladder contraction; decreased heart rate %26 bp; erection; GnRH, Satiety center (anorexogenic center); aggressive behavior, Reproductive functions; release of GnRH, GHRH, DA, Erection?
9. Periventricular nucleus major function
Temperature regulation (heat conservation); arousal, Release of Oxy (uterine contr. %26 milk eject.); ADH, CRH, TRH, Release of ADH (water balance), Fear and escape behavior; release of GHIH (somatostatin)
10. Arcuate nucleus major function
Reproductive functions; release of GnRH, GHRH, DA, Erection?, Release of Oxy (uterine contr. %26 milk eject.); ADH, CRH, TRH , Bladder contraction; decreased heart rate %26 bp; GnRH release
11. Mamillary nuclei major function
Fear and escape behavior; release of GHIH (somatostatin), Limbic mechanism involved in memory teaching , Temperature regulation (heat conservation); arousal, Satiety center (anorexogenic center); aggressive behavior
12. language Posterior hypothalamic nucleus major function
Temperature regulation (heat dissipation), Temperature regulation (heat conservation); arousal educational activities , Release of ADH (water balance), Hunger and thirst (orexogenic center)
13. Which region of the hypothalamus regulates most of the sympathomimetic activity?
Middle (tuberal), Preoptic, Posterior (mammillary), Anterior (supraoptic)
14. Which region of the hypothalamus regulates most of the parasympathomimetic activity?
Preoptic, Posterior (mammillary), Middle (tuberal), Anterior (supraoptic)