2013 NC Final Exam Earth Science (Last Year%27s Test)1. If it is summer in the northern hemisphere, which statement is true?
Earth has changed tilt of its axis 20 degrees due to its revolution, It is winter in southern hemisphere due to tilt of Earth%27s axis, It%27s summer in southern hemisphere due to tilt of axis, Earth has reached its closest point to sun due to revolution
2. How does a straight alignment between the Earth, the sun, and the moon impact tides on Earth?
It produces the greatest change in high and low tides., It produces the least change in high and low tides., It produces semidiurnal tides., It produces diurnal tides.
3. Which describes the difference between nuclear fission and nuclear fusion. (FYI, answer choices were really long so I%27ve tried to shorten as best as possible).
Fission produces energy in stars Fusion splits one nuclei into two, Fission splits one nuclei into two Fusion produces energy in stars, Fission occurs in Earth%27s core, Fusion used for Nuclear power, Fission used for Nuclear power Fusion occurs in Earth%27s core
4. How does the heat from the sun get to the Earth?
by radiation, using electromagnetic waves , by convection, using liquids and gasest to transfer heat, by conduction, using solids to transfer heat, by absorption, using primary waves to transfer the heat
5. Why do green plants require solar energy?
to produce their own food, to absorb nitrogen into their roots, to release carbon dioxide into the atmosphere, to decompose the dead or decaying remains of animals
6. What structure can form as a result of a divergent plate boundary?
a continental volcanic arc, due to the collision of two plates, a continental mountain, due to the collision of two plates, a mid-ocean ridge, due to the separation of two plates, an ocean trench, due the separation of plates
7. Which would produce the most severe earthquake damage along the surface of the Earth?
an earthquake with a deep focus and a magnitude of 2.5, an earthquake with a shallow focus and a magnitude of 2.5, an earthquake with a deep focus and a magnitude of 4.5, an earthquake with a shallow focus and a magnitude of 4.5
8. activity Scientists are studying a graph showing the time difference b/w seismic P-waves %26 seismic S-waves as they travel through Earth.Which information can they learn from graph
the magnitude of the earthquake, the duration of the earthquake, the epicenter of the earthquake, the intensity of the earthquake
9. Which agent of erosion leads to the formation of sand dunes?
ice, wind, water, gravity
10. How can water be an agent for physical weathering?
By absorbing gases from air which react withe minerals, By seeping into the soil and dissolving the minerals in rocks, By absorbing sulfur oxides and creating acid precipitation, By seeping into the cracks of rocks and freezing
11. Which is most likely a prevention strategy for flooding?
building artificial levees, reducing water consumption, recycling bottled-water containers, building waste landfills for metals and other contaminants
12. How could the removal of trees and other vegetation impact an environment?
by increasing oxygen production, by increasing soil formation, by increasing transpiration, by increasing erosion
13. distant learning Large quantities of sand can be added to the beach to stabilize the shoreline. Which describes a disadvantage of this process?
It causes inland erosion., It is a short-term solution, It creates a barrier that prevents the tides from occurring , It creates a wall that disrupts vegetation along the coastline
14. Which is an advantage of safely using uranium as an energy source rather than burning coal.
Uranium produces energy without polluting the atmosphere., Uranium reduces the amount of thermal pollution, Uranium is the most cost-efficient energy resource., Uranium can be easily mined from deep within the earth.
15. Which results from the unequal heating of the ocean water of the Earth?
a constant sea level, changes in tidal patterns, unchanging climate for all regions of the Earth, changes in ocean current patterns
16. Why are ocean currents important to coastal regions?
They produce high and low tides along coastal regions., They can warm or cool the air temperature along the coast., They move horizontally pushing warm water %26 nutrients to surface, They increase rate of rain as cold water moves along coast
17. crossword maker Which is formed when a section of impermeable rock forces groundwater to move laterally and emerge onto the surface of Earth?
a spring, an aquifer, a geyser, a well
18. How could a long-term decrease in precipitation impact an area?
It could increase the average water level of lakes in the area., It could increase the amount of flooding in the area., It could decrease the amount of possible infiltration in the area., It could decrease the possible amount of damage to crops.
19. class web page Which consequence could an exponentially growing human population have on drinkable water?
Decrease the amount of waste %26 pollution in water supply., Increase the amount of water available for the population., Increase in cases of waterborne disease., Decrease the need for water for survival.
20. A local government is considering whether or not to build a dam. Which is an advantage of building such a structure?
It can decrease the accumulation of sediment in the water., It can improve the natural habitat of plants and animals., It is an expensive project., It can create a storage place for water.
21. short answer questions The drilling for freshwater increases along a coastal area. What is the likely consequence of this action?
an intrusion of salt water into aquifers, the loss of water resources in estuaries, the destruction of estuaries b/c of an increase in sea levels, a decrease in salt concentrations in inlet waterways
22. In which atmospheric layer of Earth do thunderstorms occur?
Thermosphere, Mesosphere print quizzes , Stratosphere, Troposphere
23. Which gas makes up the largest component of the Earth%27s atmosphere?
Argon, Oxygen, Nitrogen, Carbon dioxide
24. Which statement describes the general movement of air masses?
They move from areas of high pressure to areas of low pressure, They move form areas of high altitude to areas of low altitude, They move from areas of low humidity to areas of high humidity, They move from areas of low temperatures to high temperature
25. Which most likely occurs when a fast-moving cold air mass moves into a region of warmer, moist air?
It causes light precipitation for a long period of time., It causes light precipitation for a short period of time., It causes heavy precipitation for a long period of time., It causes heavy precipitation for a short period of time.
26. Which contributes to the formation of hurricanes during the late summer?
Interaction b/w ocean water salinity and warm air masses, Interaction b/w ocean water currents and polar air masses, Interaction b/w ocean water temperatures %26 warm air masses, Interaction b/w ocean water salinity and ocean water density
27. Which is a major source of air pollution created by humans?
Hydroelectric plants, Industrial factories, reforestation, nuclear power
28. Which can lead to the depletion of the ozone layer of Earth?
coal-fired power plants, vehicle exhaust, burning compost, aerosols
29. How is climate different from weather?
Climate is constantly changing, where weather changes slowly., Climate influences daily activities; weather influences seasonal activi, Climate refers to a specific date weather refers to a whole season, Climate is based on several years weather is based on day-to-day
30. A local government voted against the large-scale development of building roads in the area. What could have been the motive behind their decision?
It could lead to a decrease in the average annual temperature, It could lead to the formation of heat islands %26 affect microclimate, It could lead to introduction of invasive species to the area, It could decrease acid rain production in the area
31. A company has several factories around the world and has decided to move from burning fossil fuels to alternative energy resources. How could this affect the atmosphere?
It could decrease the oxygen levels in the atmosphere, It could increase the nitrogen levels in the atmosphere, It could decrease the carbon dioxide levels of the atmosphere, It could increase the sulfur dioxide levels in the atmosphere
32. Some factories can increase the amount of thermal pollution by dumping heated water into lakes and rivers. How can this type of pollution affect the aquatic environment?
It can reduce the number of aquatic species in environment, It can increase the amount of dissolved oxygen in environment, It can reduce the decomposition rate of organisms in environment, It can increase the life expectancy fo animals in environment
33. Since 1901, global surface temperatures have risen at an average rate of 0.13 degrees every ten years. In which way could an increase in global temperature influence Earth?
by decreasing erosion within coastal environments., by decreasing periods of drought in all water systems., by increasing amount of flooding because of rising sea levels, by increasing the formation of sea ice within polar regions
34. quiz generator Which example describes an abiotic factor that could impact the biodiversity of an ecosystem?
An increase in prey can impact the number of predators , The introduction of an invasive species can limit resources, An increase in acid rain can change pH of the soil, Competition for food can impact survival rate of species
35. Kudzu is a plant introduced to the US from Japan to control erosion. However, kudzu grows rapidly and prevents other plants from growing. What best describes kudzu?
a non-competitive species, an invasive, non-native species, an agent of erosion, an abiotic factor
36. interactive learning Which could most likely have a lasting negative impact on the biodiversity of an area?
clear-cutting of trees and forests, selective forestry, an increase in plant populations, a reduction in the use of fertilizers
37. How could the exponential growth of the human population impact regions throughout the world?
Decrease the amount of pollution in the region., Increase the biodiversity of the region., Increase the demand for food in the region., Decrease the demand for land within the region.
38. Which best describes the relationship between carrying capacity (CC) and Earth%27s resources?
A population below CC will have increase in contagious disease, A population above CC will have a decrease in natural resources, A population below CC will have a decrease in freshwater supples, A population above CC will experience increase plant prod%27n
39. This question consisted of a short answer depicting the weather map symbol for a cold front, asking what it was and how it would affect weather conditions.
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40. This question was a short answer question concerning the affects of El Nino.
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41. As you can see, this test is not that difficult as long as you know your vocabulary words and use a little common sense to eliminate possible question.
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42. web pageAnswer all questions and, if you do not know the answer, select your best guess. Jeopardy champions are not necessarily smart, they are just good guessers.
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43. short answer questions If you have followed directions this semester and completed all tasks, you should be well prepared for this exam. Relax and good luck!
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