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1.1 Environment, French Carbon Tax Reading and Exercises

Read the article and answer the questions that follow.

1. Tick the verbs which form acceptable collocations with %22global warming%22 (you may need to select more than 1 answer).
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2. Find a word or phrase in the text which means to gradually start using something.
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3. Find a word or phrase in the text which has a similar meaning to %22intended to%22.
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4. French President Nicolas Sarkozy has announced plans for a new carbon tax aimed at combating global warming. The tax will be introduced next year and will cover the use of oil, gas and coal, he said. The new tax will be 17 euros (£15) per tonne of emitted carbon dioxide (CO2). It will be phased in gradually. It will apply to households as well as enterprises, but not to the heavy industries and power firms included in the EU%27s emissions trading scheme. Most electricity in France - excluded from the new carbon tax - is nuclear generated. Mr Sarkozy said revenues from the new tax would be ploughed back into taxpayers%27 pockets through cuts in other taxes and %22green cheques%22. The carbon tax plans have already encountered stiff opposition across the political spectrum. France%27s Le Monde newspaper says the tax will cover 70%25 of the country%27s carbon emissions and bring in about 4.3bn euros (£3.8bn) of revenue annually. Mr Sarkozy insists the new tax is all about persuading the French to change their habits and cut energy consumption, the BBC%27s Emma Jane Kirby reports from Paris. Critics say it is just a ploy to boost ailing state finances.Two-thirds of French voters say they are opposed to the new levy, fearing they will struggle to pay higher bills. Prime Minister Francois Fillon had previously set the new tax rate at 14 euros per tonne of CO2.
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5. Tick the verbs which form acceptable collocations with the noun %22carbon dioxide%22 (you may need to select more than 1 answer).
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6. Tick the nouns which form acceptable collocations with %22stiff%22 (you may need to select more than 1 answer).
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7. France set to impose carbon tax
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8. Tick the verbs which form acceptable collocations with the noun %22habits%22 (you may need to select more than 1 answer).
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9. Find a word or phrase in the text which has a similar meaning to %22increase%22.
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10. Text Summary Read the article again and then, in the space below or on a separate document, re-write the text in your own words (without looking at the text). Use the following pìeces of language: Carbon tax Combating global warming Phased in gradually Bring in revenue Encountered stiff opposition Struggle to pay Cut energy consumption
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11. Find a phrase in the text which means %22to reduce electricity use%22.
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12. Find a word or phrase in the text which refers to the release of gas from cars, factories, etc.
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13. Find a word or phrase in the text which has a similar meaning %22strong resistance%22.
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14. Find a word or phrase in the text which means a company or business that uses large heavy machines to produce materials such as coal or steel or large objects such as cars or ships
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15.
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