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Unit 1 - Early Civilizations

Author: Siler Brandy
Description: When you finish %26 receive your score, go back through the quiz to see what the correct answers are. I have not found ways to account for differences in phrasing, order, or capitalization - so it may turn out that you answered correctly to begin with!
Keywords: Paleolithic, Civilization, Neolithic, Mesopotamia, Sumer, , online teaching


1. Mesopotamia was given the nickname %22_______%22 because of the many important contributions to civilization which began there.
A) %22Cradle of Civilization%22
B) %22Tomb of Technology%22
C) %22Spring of Life%22
D) %22Middle of Everything%22

2. The two metals combined to produce bronze were copper and tin.

3. A ziggurat was a grand # which was built by each city-state to honor its chief god. The ziggurat dominated the city, and literally meant %22mountain of god%22 or %22hill of heaven.%22
A) temple

4. The form of writing invented in ancient Mesopotamia which involved hundreds of wedge-shaped marks cut into damp clay tablets by a sharp-ended reed was called __.
A) Hieroglyphics
B) Pictographs
C) Cuneiform
D) Alphabet

5. Mesopotamia literally meant %22the land between the rivers.%22 Which two rivers (found in present-day Iraq) was Mesopotamia located between? (Hint: Spelling matters!)

6. A group of people with no settled home who move from place to place are called _______.
A) Archaeologists
B) Anthropoligists
C) Artisans
D) Nomads

7. A three word definition for the term %22Paleolithic%22 is #.
A) Old Stone Age

8. Mesopotamians were monotheistic.

9. What term refers to the record keepers who knew how to write and often went on to hold important positions such as judges or politicians.

10. What two ways did humans survive during the Paleolithic Era?

11. Each Sumerian city and the land that surrounded it became a separate ______. It had its own government and was not part of any larger unit.
A) Empire
B) City-State
C) Colony
D) Village

12. The term # refers to the development of different kinds of jobs.
A) specialization

13. Cultural diffusion happened as trade grew and people began to communicate across regions. The spreading out of ideas, customs, beliefs, technology, etc. is cultural diffusion.

14. List four groups that made up Mesopotamia%27s largest social level - the middle class.

15. The Neolithic Era is best defined by the hunter-gatherer lifestyle of people.

16. Which of the following is NOT a reason that people invented a system of writing?
A) To pass on ideas and innovations.
B) To ask for help in finding lost pets.
C) To keep records of important events.
D) To keep track of important business deals.

17. List four reasons that civilizations grew up near bodies of fresh water.

18. Here are three important inventions of ancient Mesopotamia. Provide four more. Writing (Cuneiform), a 12-month lunar calendar, a number system based on 60 (from which we get the 60-second minute, 60-minute hour, and 360˚ circle.

19. A group of many different lands under the control of one king is called a/an ______.
A) Empire
B) City-State
C) Colony
D) Village

20. Taming plants and animals for human use is called ______.
A) Participation
B) Evacuation
C) Irrigation
D) Domestication

21. One of the most important discoveries of the Paleolithic Era was the ability to tame fire. This allowed people to stay in one place, acquire surplus food, and specialize - or create a variety of different jobs.

22. The collection of laws which governed almost every area of life in ancient Babylon was called #, and it was created in the late 1700s B.C.
A) Hammurabi%27s Code

23. List the missing characteristics that groups must meet to be considered a civilization. Social Structure, Stable Food Supply, The Arts, Writing System

24. A/an _______ is a skilled worker who makes things like metal products, cloth, or pottery.
A) Archaeologist
B) Nomad
C) Artisan
D) Ziggurat