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Chapter 1 - Interactions of Living Things

Author: Polimeni Melissa
Description:
Keywords: , , , , , , online teaching

Content:
Quiz:
1. The five levels of organization in the environment, from first to fifth level are
A) organism, population, biosphere, ecosystem, community
B) organism, population, biotic, abiotic, community
C) organism, population, community, ecosystem, biosphere
D) organism, population, biosphere, abiotic, ecology

2. The largest population an environment can support is its
A) carrying capacity
B) limiting factor
C) population
D) symbiosis

3. Young wasps are eating the tomato hornworm that is their host. What is this an example of?
A) commensalism
B) mutualism
C) parasitism
D) competition

4. A bird eats a worm. Who is the predator?
A) the worm
B) the bird
C) both the bird and the worm
D) neither the bird nor the worm

5. Rocks, temperature, and water are what part of the environment?
A) biotic
B) abiotic
C) population
D) living

6. Which is an example of an abiotic element changing an area?
A) introducing a new type of grass
B) water flooding an area
C) two species of birds competing
D) algae growing on crabgrass

7. Grass that gains energy from the sun is an example of a
A) consumer
B) parasite
C) decomposer
D) producer

8. A diagram with arrows showing energy flow from grass, to a rabbit, to a fox is
A) an energy pyramid
B) a food web
C) a food chain
D) a population chart

9. Limiting factors determine an area%27s carrying capacity because
A) the number of animals is limited
B) ecosystems are small
C) animals need resources to survive
D) the number of animals is unlimited

10. What is the lowest level of environmental organization that three male egrets would all belong in together?
A) individual organism
B) population
C) community
D) ecosystem

11. Two members of the same species fight over who gets a certain food. Members of different species try to take over a nest. There are both examples of
A) community
B) competition
C) mutualism
D) commensalism

12. The plants a ladybug lives on, the aphids the ladybug eats, and the birds that would eat the ladybug are all
A) biotic elements of an ecosystem
B) predators
C) producers
D) abiotic elements of an ecosystem

13. Herbivores, carnivores, and omnivores are all
A) decomposers
B) producers
C) predators
D) consumers

14. What is an animal that catches and eats another animal called?
A) prey
B) predator
C) producer
D) herbivore

15. Two lionesses are fighting over a fresh kill. What type of competition is this?
A) predator/prey
B) competition within a population
C) competition between species in a community
D) competition between a parasite and host

16. Suppose there were a bird that always sat on a horse%27s back and ate the insects that would bite the horse. What would this be an example of?
A) mutualism
B) parasitism
C) competition
D) commensalism

17. When a parasitic worm invades an animal, who is the host?
A) the producer
B) the animal
C) the decomposer
D) the worm

18. A river carrying nutrients is a(n) _____________ factor that helps the ecosystem.
A) population
B) biotic
C) abiotic
D) community

19. Plants, animals, and all living things are ____________ factors.
A) population
B) abiotic
C) biotic
D) community

20. Two or more individuals of the same kind living together are a(n) ___________________.
A) population
B) biotic
C) abiotic
D) community

21. All the populations of living things in the same place are a(n) __________________________.
A) population
B) biotic
C) abiotic
D) community

22. an organism that eats only animals
A) herbivore
B) food chain
C) food web
D) carnivore

23. a triangular diagram that shows an ecosystem%27s loss of energy
A) food chain
B) food web
C) energy pyramid
D) omnivore

24. an organism that eats both plants and animals
A) omnivore
B) herbivore
C) carnivore
D) food web

25. an organism that eats only plants
A) carnivore
B) herbivore
C) omnivore
D) energy pyramid

26. a diagram that shows how energy in food flows from one organism to another
A) food chain
B) food web
C) energy pyramid
D) omnivore

27. a diagram that shows the feeding relationships between organisms in an ecosystem
A) food chain
B) food web
C) energy pyramid
D) omnivore

28. a relationship between two organisms in which one benefits and the other is not affected
A) prey
B) symbiosis
C) parasitism
D) commensalism

29. the evolution of two or more species due to mutual influence
A) symbiosis
B) coevolution
C) commensalism
D) parasitism

30. a relationship in which two different organisms live in close association with each other
A) prey
B) symbiosis
C) coevolution
D) mutualism

31. an organism that is killed and eaten by another organism
A) prey
B) mutualism
C) commensalism
D) parasitism

32. a relationship where one organism benefits and the other is harmed
A) symbiosis
B) parasitism
C) commensalism
D) mutualism

33. a relationship between two species in which both species benefit
A) coevolution
B) commensalism
C) mutualism
D) parasitism